Delete Files

Is it just me, or are the numbers in this article all entirely made up?

In August more than a million households deleted all the digital music files they had saved on their PCs, according to new information released today by The NPD Group. NPD credits the ongoing RIAA anti-piracy campaign and related media attention as having had a measurable effect on the actions of many consumers in regard to the illegal sharing of digital music. In a related survey of consumer perception, however, NPD found that consumers’ overall opinion of the recording industry is suffering as a result of the record industry association’s well-publicized legal tactics.
In August 1.4 million households deleted all the digital music files saved on their PC hard drives. Prior to August, deletions were at much lower levels. For example, in May of 2003 when NPD first began to track music file deletions, 606,000 households deleted all digital music files from their PCs. Eighty percent of the consumers who deleted files had fewer than 50 files saved; just 10 percent had more than 200 files.

First, one should be inherently skeptical about news originating over Business Wire—someone (in this case, presumably NPD) is paying money so that whatever they want to say will enter the media echo chamber.

Second, the methodology just seems impossibly screwy. I would put as much faith in it as an article claiming, “41% of people have rearranged the icons on their desktop so they’re more evenly spaced.”

Finally, this makes no sense. Unless people don’t understand the RIAA lawsuits at all (a possibility to which I’ll admit), there’s no relation. RIAA isn’t suing people for having media on their hard drive, they’re suing them (often mistakenly) for providing them to a P2P network—particularly kazaa. If people are genuinely afraid of being sued, I would expect them to either (1) stop running Kazaa or (2) at least move their media off out of the “shared” folders. But not delete the files!

Update: Apparently, this story was just posted on Slashdot. I tend not to post things here that are on the front page of Slashdot, as I figure people looking for that stuff will find it there. But my entry went up first, so I’ll keep it here. Somebody did link this great comic on the topic, though.

Nonsense Attack on Open Source

Howard Strauss, “manager of technology strategy and outreach” at Princeton University, recently published a terrible article in Syllabus Magazine (“the only monthly publication that focuses on the role of technology in higher education”), entitled The FREE, 0% APR, Better Sex, No Effort Diet. The article puts forth numerous unsupported assertions about the failings of the open source/free software development model, and if it hadn’t actually survived editorial review and been published would probably best be left ignored as flame bait.

I don’t usually get involved in the affairs of my alma mater, but this article struck a nerve. Here’s the note I sent to Howard Strauss as well as two of the supervisors at Princeton OIT:

 Mr. Strauss: While I am sure you have received a lot of email in response to your recent article in Syllabus magazine entitled "The FREE, 0% APR, Better Sex, No Effort Diet," I am compelled to write a short note expressing my surprise that you would publish such an article without expressly disclaiming that your views are not those of the University. As an alumni, I am embarrassed to see this article so widely publicized in connection with my alma mater. I am sure you are aware of the extent to which Princeton and other institutions of higher learning depend on free or open source software, particular in math and sciences. As a chemistry major at Princeton, I frequently depended on high quality open source software like the GNU system to do my research. Since I graduated from Princeton, open source software has come to occupy an increasingly crucial role in my life, to the point where I now use it exclusively and have no need for proprietary systems at all. In any case, I won't go on to correct all the inaccuracies that appear in your article, as I'm sure others have already done this. But I hope that you will consider at least publicly distancing your views from those of the University, as they are on their way to becoming the laughingstock of the academic scientific community. Adam Kessel '98 

A fellow Princeton alum, who wishes to remain nameless, sent the following, more comprehensive note:

 Dear Mr. Strauss, I was shocked and upset after reading your article in Syllabus Magazine yesterday. The piece purports to debunk myths of open source software as being useful in business, education, and society in general. Your article was a gross misrepresentation of the facts of Open Source in general, and the widespread use of Open Source at Princeton University in particular. Perhaps you could have detailed how institutions such as Princeton University work to balance the need to support legacy systems such as PUCC with the demand for new hardware and software, both proprietary and open source. As an undergraduate student I had access to UNIX servers such as phoenix and ernie. The systems would have been largely useless to me without the GNU software that had been installed. In the department of my major, Computer Science, the GNU system was the de facto standard, and was installed unquestionably on every system, whether an HP workstation, an Intel lab computer, or a high-end SGI workstation. All technical departments that I know of, from Physics to Cognitive Science, practiced similar IT strategies. These departments did not nitpick on whether a system was proprietary or open source. They just installed the best products, and students, staff, and professors were grateful for it. Your article also glosses over the fact that most businesses installing proprietary ERP or CRM system also license the source code for that system. This is a fundamental piece of business strategy, and a prudent measure for businesses installing software that may be in use for decades after the original software vendor goes out of business. Thus the facts of the matter are that businesses feel having access to source code is very important. So important that they are willing to negotiate complicated source code licenses and pay millions of dollars for the privilege, over and above the cost of binary software and services. My first year at Princeton, 1993, was one of the first years of DormNet, a cutting edge program to wire student dorms with ethernet. With excitment I plugged into the network, only to find that my operating system, Windows 3.1, had terrible support for TCP/IP and hardly any internet software. Thus began my experience with the GNU/Linux operating system. At that time, GNU/Linux was the only system available to a student that would provide adequate internet services. This GNU software system greatly improved my access to education, and many of my classmates felt the same way. The GNU system has blossomed in the past decade to create entirely different genres of Open Source Software. To see you conflate the terms is a disgrace to your title. A "manager of technology strategy," at Princeton University no less, must understand that the word "free" does not occur in the word "Open Source Software." Open Source refers to the ability to have access to source code, and has nothing to do with money. A person in your position should also know that the "free" in Free Software is to be understood as in the context of the French word "libre." Which is to say Free Software is about the freedom to see and manipulate software source code, says nothing about whether the software in question costs money or not. That is to say that Free Software is an idea concerning the software text, the ability for developers to see and possibly change software at the source code level, should they choose to do so. In terms of procurment of IT services, indeed there is no difference between free software and proprietary systems. You contract out for a service and it is provided by a vendor. Surely a univserity, or any organization for that matter, cares mostly about the quality of a service rendered, and not on an implementation. But Princeton University is not just any organization. Princeton University is a non-profit organization, whose motto is "In the nation's service, and the service of all nations." If Princeton University is to live up to this motto, it must judge the social value of it's technology strategy and the implications of it's software and hardware procurement. Your article implies that I would have somehow received a better education if I had stuck with Windows 3.1 and not used any GNU softare on phoenix. How could this be possible? And now, as a software engineer that is plenty old enough to work at Microsoft, I find no problem making a living working with open source systems. The worst part of your piece, Mr. Strauss, is it's blatent hypocrisy. As an undergraduate Computer Science major at Princeton, Open Source was the cornerstone of my education. As far as I know, usage of Open Source Software at Princeton has increased since the time of my studies, not decreased. If these are you own personal views, you should say so clearly. They obviously are not representative of Princeton University IT policy. However, even if they are your own views, I recommend you do some more research into actual IT practice. Understanding the implications Open Source Software may be slightly confusing to the general public, but should present no intellectual barriers to IT executives at Princeton University. Sincerely, [...] (a computer science major) 

Broadcast Flag Mandate

Digital Spy reports that the FCC will require the broadcast flag to be included in all digital television sets manufacturered after July 2005. See the FCC announcement (PDF), FCC Chairman Michael Powell said in a statement Chairman Michael Powell’s public statement (PDF)that the commission’s decision “strikes a careful balance between content protection and technology innovation in order to promote consumer interests,” and accompanying press release the accompanying press release (PDF). Notably, the rule does not bar broadcasters from marking news and public affairs shows with the flag, considered by many to be an important “fair use” exemption. I’ve always felt that we shouldn’t allow the idea of fair use commentary on issues of public importance to be limited to news shows alone, but under this system you may be technologically barred from redistributing excerpts of bona fide news programming for commentary purposes.

At EPIC, I drafted comments to the FCC on the privacy invasive implications of the broadcast flag. See also the excellent Broadcast Flag Blog maintained by the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Sadly, I don’t think the FCC seriously considered any public policy issues other than that of propping up the market for digital content.

See also Commissioner Copps’ partial dissent (PDF), which does mention privacy implications, and Commissioner Adelstein’s partial dissent (PDF).

Perhaps the most frustrating thing about all of these weak digital rights management schemes is that they’re unlikely to prevent any “piracy” at all, yet will inconvenience millions of consumers and limit free speech/fair use rights.